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05.03.202403.2024с 01.01.2024
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Journal section "Economics of Nature"

The State and Prospects of Renewable Energy Development in the Regions of the Far North of Russia

Lebedeva M.A.

Volume 25, Issue 4, 2021

Lebedeva M.A. The state and prospects of renewable energy development in the regions of the Far North of Russia. Problems of Territory's Development, 2021, vol. 25, no. 4, pp. 139–155. DOI: 10.15838/ptd.2021.4.114.8

DOI: 10.15838/ptd.2021.4.114.8

Abstract   |   Authors   |   References
One of the most important humanity problems in the 21st century is global climate change, the main cause of which scientists see in excessive amounts of greenhouse gas emissions. A key role in solving this problem is assigned to alternative energy as an industry characterized by a very low carbon footprint or its absence. In the conditions of the Russian regions, especially the northern ones, which are the most exposed to the negative impact of the consequences of climate change, the relevance of the alternative energy development increases due to the fact that some of them are either energy deficient or isolated from the unified energy system of the country. The purpose of the work is to analyze the state and prospects for developing alternative energy in the regions of the Far North of Russia. The study found that distributed alternative energy is the most promising and competitive on a short-term basis, due to the low capacity of its facilities and placement focality of productive forces. The weather and climate barrier of the northern zone can be overcome using innovative adapted technologies, combined installations and energy accumulators. At the moment, the main barriers to the green energy development in the North are insufficient level of transport infrastructure development, high cost of building renewable energy facilities and their introduction into the existing energy supply scheme. The northern regions remain unattractive for their green energy development due to the identified barriers, but at the same time, they have necessary natural and climatic resources. The main economic incentive instruments are contracts for the delivered capacity and subsidies-compensation for the costs of technological connection of renewable energy facilities. Despite this, there are no plans to significantly increase the capacity of green energy facilities in the Russian North in the future for 2024

Keywords

sustainable development, green economy, The Far North of Russia, renewable energy, renewable energy sources, non-subsidized normalized cost, price parity, interregional cooperation

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